Journal’s content № 6 2023

Actual theme: School history education: past and present

Schulepnikova E.I., Rtischeva G.A. How soviet schoolchildren began to study the history of the Middle ages.
This article is about the beginning of studying the history of the Middle Ages in Soviet schools and about the first textbooks and discussions.
Keywords: The Middle ages, textbook, 1930s.

S.V. Panov. School history education in the Republic of Belarus as an integrated pedagogical system: stages and trends of modernization.
The article discusses the evolution of the conceptual-target, structural-content, functional-activity components of school history education in the Republic of Belarus as an integrated pedagogical system in the process of its modernization in 1991-2022.
Keywords: school history education, Republic of Belarus, complex pedagogical system, modernization, stages of development.

History and Society

V.N. Zakharov, Ya.V. Soloviev, L.V. Begunova. Taxes in Russia in the XVIII-early XX century. Part 3: in the first quarter of the XIX century.
This is the third in the cycle of articles on taxes in the Russian Empire. The article examines the development of the Russian tax system in the first quarter of the 19th century and concludes that during this period the government failed to solve the problems that had accumulated by the end of the 18th century. The tax system as a whole remained the same, except for central government bodies, which was affected by changes while principle of estates and serfdom were a stumbling block to the tax reform.
Keywords: taxes, tax system, Ministry of Finance, Russian Empire, M.M. Speransky.

Y.S. Nikiforov. The Crimean (Eastern) War of 1853-1856 in the scientific and public space: material for the school lesson and extracurricular activities.
The article analyzes the historical memory of the Crimean War of 1853-1856, its images in the scientific and public space. An original author’s development for a school history lesson and extracurricular activities is proposed, aimed at developing critical thinking and the formation of patriotism among students.
Keywords: Crimean War, historical memory, visual image, myth, critical thinking, patriotism, ideology.

N.A. Mogilevskiy. «Everyday practical satire»: governors of the late 1850s on the pages of the magazine «Iskra».
The article is devoted to reflecting the activities of the governors of the turn of the 1850-1860s on the pages of the satirical magazine «Iskra». The author, based on the analysis of documents from the archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the III Department, shows that the magazine satire was not just a pure fiction of publicists, but had real grounds.
Keywords: governors, «Iskra», satire, press, Lanskoy.

A.S. Alymov. Participation of NKVD troops in the fight against the armed nationalist underground in the western part of the USSR after its liberation from Nazi occupation.
The topic under study has an actual historical and political significance. The author of the publication proved that after the liberation of the western part of the USSR from the Nazi occupiers, the participation of NKVD troops in the fight against the armed nationalist underground in the western part of the USSR became important for stabilizing the socio-political situation in the Belarusian SSR and the Ukrainian SSR. The Soviet chekists inflicted irreparable losses on armed gangs and the anti-Soviet underground in the region: the main gangs and a significant number of underground nationalist organizations were defeated.
Keywords: Belarusian SSR, Ukrainian SSR, internal and border troops of the NKVD, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Polish nationalists, German intelligence services, robbery and robbery, Hitlerite agents and saboteurs, nationalist underground in the western part of Belarus and Ukraine.


M.A. Artamonov, A.V. Danilin. Stimulating the cognitive activity of students through the comprehension of educational activities.
The motivation of students is the foundation of learning at school. Ignoring the motivational component makes learning impossible. The author suggests expanding the teacher’s «portfolio» by another method of stimulating the cognitive activity of students, going beyond the strictly subject-specific framework of training.
Keywords: cognitive activity, motivation, comprehension, understanding, formation.

T.A. Mishchenko. Formation of cultural competence at the university with digital tools: a mixed or remote model?
The article presents a comparative analysis of the possibilities of distance and mixed educational technologies for the practical formation of cultural competence of humanities students. The author comes to the conclusion of the advantages of a mixed model of education, when it becomes possible to use new technical capabilities within the electronic learning system and combine them with communication, consultations, trips and live discussions to form cultural competence at the university.
Keywords: digital tools, distance learning, mixed learning model, cultural competence, educational practices, educational quest.

E.N. Buyenko. Patriotic education of students in the study of national history: teacher’s view.
The article discusses the methods and techniques of work in the lessons of national history on the education of patriotism. This article analyzes the organization of extracurricular work of a history teacher in the education of a patriot.
Keywords: patriot, patriotic education, national history.

V.A. Ivashchenko, A.A. Romazan. The use of gaming methods in the study of state symbols of Russia in the process of patriotic education (on the example of the Yunarmiya movement in Khabarovsk).
The article presents a methodology for using playing forms in the study of state symbols (the flag, the coat of the arms and the anthem) of the Russian Federation in the process of patriotic education of participants in the All-Russian military-patriotic social movement «Yunarmiya» on the example of the Khabarovsk branch.
Keywords: upbringing, playing forms, demonstrativeness, patriotism, state symbols, flag, coat of arms, anthem, Yunarmiya.

Young scientists’ works

V.P. Nagornov. Ryazan metallurgy of the second half of the XIX — beginning of the XX century.
The article considers the process and results of the modernization (transformation) of the metallurgical industry of the Ryazan province in the second half of the 19th — early 20th centuries under the conditions of socio-economic reforms of the 1860s.
Keywords: Ryazan province, metallurgical industry, modernization, second half of the 19th — early 20th century.

A.V. Mazin. The way out of a dead end — how did «white» governments solve the labor question.
The article is devoted to the attempts of the anti-Bolshevik governments to resolve one of the most difficult issues during the Civil War in Russia. Once upon a time, the failures of the Russian government in this area led to a revolution, and the «white» leaders sought not to repeat the mistakes of the tsarist ministers.
Keywords: workers, white governments, trade union movement, strikes, civil war.

A.V. Cherepanov. Red Army during the 1923-1927 period of party discussions.
The article examines the influence of party discussions 1923-1927 on the appearance of the Red Army. The ideological and political aspect of the development of the Soviet armed forces is taken into account. The reorganization of the military apparatus by the Soviet government after the end of the Civil War was one of the most important measures related to the strengthening of the USSR’s defense capability. During the reform of the Red Army, the views of a number of high-ranking party figures collided, which led to a variety of ways to develop the Soviet military school.
Keywords: military reform, L.D. Trotsky, internal party struggle, Red army, internal army opposition, armed forces of the USSR.

V.V. Inviyaeva. Cultural diplomacy of the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 (preparation of the republican pavilion for the World Exhibition in New York in 1939-1940).
The article examines cultural diplomacy as one of the directions of the foreign policy of the Second Spanish Republic in 1936-1939 on the example of the preparation of the Republican pavilion for participation in the World Exhibition in New York in 1939, following the example of the successful pavilion at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1937. The focus is on the purpose of the participation of the in the exhibition and the preparation of the pavilion.
Keywords: contemporary history, arts, Spanish-American relations.

A.N. Voskresenskaia. The position of the United States of America regarding French nuclear tests in Algeria (1962-1967).
This article, based on the analysis of the documents of the US and French foreign-policy agencies for the period from 1962 to 1967 and on the information of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), attempts to clarify the American position regarding the French nuclear testing complex in Algeria.
Keywords: French nuclear tests, US-French relations, Algeria.


Опубликовано в Журнал в 2023 году, Содержание.

Комментарии (0)

Будьте в курсе обсуждения, подпишитесь на RSS ленту комментариев к этой записи.

Разрешены некоторые HTML теги

или используйте trackback.