Journal’s content № 10 2020

Letter to the journal
Remembrance of the victims of terror is a challenge to modern pedagogy.

Actual theme: Topical issues of the history of medieval Russia

E.V. Pchelov. Rurik and the beginning of Russia: modern approaches and versions.
The article presents a modern scientific view of the problem of the role of the Varangians in the formation of the Ancient Russian state and the personality of the founder of the princely dynasty Rurik. In addition, the analysis of the latest research on the primary period of the history of Rus.
Key words: Kievan Rus, formation of state, person in history.

A.S. Ischenko. The case of Yuri Dolgoruky or who founded Moscow?
The article is devoted to the problem of determining the identity of the founder of Moscow. The contradictions of the prevailing point of view, approving that Prince Yuri Dolgoruky founded the future capital, are considered. As an alternative version, are considered the opinions of historians on Andrei Bogolyubsky as the constructor of Moscow. It is shown why Yuri Dolgoruky, but not Andrei Bogolyubsky, had been staying in historical memory.
Key words: foundation of Moscow, Yuri Dolgoruky, Andrey Bogolyubsky, annals, Tale of the beginning of Moscow, myth.

A.V. Juravel. Beginnings of treason: prince against volost.
The relations between prince and community (volost) in Old Rus’ is considered. They are differ sharply from relations under autocratic monarchy (gospodarstvo). The ancient volost was the territory, the power and the community at the same time. It concluded a contract with a prince who ruled over the volost according to the treaty with its community.
Key words: Old Rus’, prince, volost (community), treaty, reciprocal liabilities, treason.

History and Society

I.A. Akhtamzyan, A.Yu. Sidorov. General Plan «Ost»: extermination of population and plundering.
The authors analyze the basics of the Nazi Strategy on the occupied Soviet territory during the Great Patriotic War. They reveal the process of drawing out of Hitler’s inhuman project to annihilate the population and plunder the wealth of occupied regions, as well as the practical results.
Key Words: general Plan «Ost», the Great Patriotic war, mass annihilation, NSDAP, SS, A. Hitler.

D.A. Pluzhnikov. Teaching the discipline «History» to foreign students in the education system of Russian Federation: notable facts.
In the article, the authors examine the difficulties faced by foreign students and teachers in Russian educational institutions when studying and teaching the discipline «History» The study of history in other countries is touched briefly.
Keywords: foreign students, student books, text book, history discipline, teaching, teacher, distance education, test.

M.V. Semikolenov. Discussions about the ownership of peasants to their land allotment in public thought in pre-reform Russia.
Тhe author considers the problem of land ownership in the views of public thought in the first half of the XIX century. The article analyzes the views of the peasants, on the basis of which they considered the land their property. The possibility of freeing the peasants without land was not considered either by westerners or slavophiles.
Key words: property, land, slavophiles, westerners, peasants.

V.V. Tulubets, G.K. Nagiev. The Activities of Estonian Nationalists During German Occupation of Estonia in 1941-1944.
The studied topic has an actual historical and political significance. The author of the publication proved that the Estonian nationalists were the main punitive instrument of the Nazi occupation regime in the occupied territory of Estonia and committed mass destruction of Soviet prisoners of war and persons of Jewish nationality.
Key words: the Estonian SSR, estonian nationalists, crimes, german secret services, the nazi occupation regime, the killing of civilians.

A.Yu. Klimov, I.A. Potemkin. Formation of the State Guard of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Government under the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces in the South of Russia A.I. Denikin during the Civil War.
The article highlights a key aspect of the formation of the internal Affairs bodies of the white government in the territory controlled by the Volunteer army under the command of A. I. Denikin. Such a key aspect was the formation of the State guard, for the functioning of which the Temporary regulation «on the State guard»was adopted.
Key words: state guard, Departament for Internal Affairs, Temporary Statute, brigades, militia.


O.Yu. Strelova. Key aspects of teachers training to use PISA tools in history education: CHG-skills.
In the second article of the cycle, devoted to the integration of PISA-tools into the process of teaching history, the system of skills that form and diagnose reading literacy is analyzed. RL-skills are correlated with subject and meta-subject skills and with the properties of RL-texts, which were described in the first article. Examples of RL-skills are given and deficiencies of their use in the practice of teaching history are revealed.
Key words: reading literacy, reading literacy-skills, professional competencies of history teachers, meta-subject and personal results of history education of schoolchildren.

V.I. Varyushchenko, O.V. Gajkova. School textbook history as a tool of propaganda.
The authors of the article consider in detail Chapter 12 «How did the Rise of Totalitarism Lead to World War II?» a history textbook developed as part of the Michigan Open Book Project and they show its tendentiousness, lack of evidence and harm to the education of students in the spirit of objectivity and the ability to critical thinking.
Key words: history, history textbook, falsification of history, totalitarianism.

N.G. Masyukova, A.B. Anisimova. Problems of studying the battle for the Caucasus in modern schools and ways to overcome them in teaching regional history.
In this article the authors consider the problem of studying the history of the battle of the Caucasus at school, as well as introduce the tasks for students on this topic.
Key words: battle for the Caucasus, day of military glory of Russia, textbook «History of Stavropol».

V.N. Bogdanova. History of the Holocaust in history and social studies classes and extracurricular activities.
The author introduces her own experience of teaching the history of the Holocaust in secondary school.
Key words: Holocaust tragedy, fiction, films, monuments.

Uniform State Exam

A.V. Kovalev. World history in the context of the state final certification of history.
The article discusses the content of the unified state exam in history. The author focuses on the problems of studying world history in the context of the state final certification.
Keywords: world history, history of Russia, the state final certification, unified state exam, history studying.

Young scientists’ works

K.A. Karpova. Welfare in the Russian Federation in the 1990s. Formulation of the problem.
The article is devoted to the problem of defining the term «welfare» in the Russian Federation, to finding its most optimal interpretation. The author makes an attempt to establish the relationship between the political system and the desire of the government to promote the growth of the population’s well-being.
Key words: welfare, standard of living, material and spiritual benefits, incomes, population differentiation.

M.S. Panasenkova. «Are the disasters of Crimea destined to repeat themselves?»: the Sipai uprising and the Crimean war on the pages of the Russian periodicals of 1857-1859.
The article analyzes comparisons of the Crimean war of 1853-1856 and the Indian mutiny of 1857-1859 on the pages of the national press published during the mutiny. The criteria for comparison were determined, as well as which of the conflicts was shown in the press to be more difficult for the English side.
Key words: Russian-English relations, Modern history, soldiery, The Great game, journalism, comparatives.

A.K. Mordovin-Zalessky. «High command composition jf the Russian emperor’s army in the First world war».
The article is devoted to the definition of the concept of the «high command» of the Russian Army during the First World War. Based on significant source material, the author considers the main provisions and steps of the military hierarchy, revealing the principle of command and control of units and armed forces. In the article, on the basis of the analyzed material, gives his own definition of the term «high command».
Key words: the First world war, high command, generality, military elite, Supreme commander, commander-in-Chief of the Front Armies, army commander, corps commander.

D.N. Glukhov. The main directions of pedagogical prevention of offenses in the secondary school system.
The main directions of implementation of pedagogical prevention of juvenile offenses and its stages are considered in the article. The tasks faced by parents and teachers to solve the problem of pedagogical prevention of offenses of students of secondary school are justified.
Key words: prevention, pedagogical prevention, delinquency, juvenile.

Опубликовано в Журнал в 2020 году.

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