Journal’s content № 9 2022

Actual theme: Uniform State Exam in history

A.Yu. Morozov, R.V. Pazin. Instructions for part 2 of the Unified State Exam-2023 in history.
An instruction is proposed for completing Part 2 of the Unified State Exam in history, taking into account current changes in the exam.
Keywords: Unified State Exam, guidelines, tasks with a detailed answer.

V.V. Gorsky. The experience of methodological recommendations for the implementation of task No. 21 to identify and argue analogies in the processes of national and world history within the framework of the Unified State Exam.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the concept of task №. 19 in the actual model of the Unified State Exam in history proposed by FIPI for use in exams in the summer of 2022 and related complex issues. The author demonstrates by example the contradictions faced by both the drafters of this type of task and those performing it, compares the information required to perform with the available in the school educational literature and suggests a possible methodology for optimizing preparatory work based on the maximum use of information offered by basic level textbooks for general education organizations.
Keywords: task № 21, USE, comparison, information, methodology.

E.A. Opryshko. Uniform State Exam vs Additional Internal Exam.
The author, analyzing the information of the admissions committee of faculty of history of Moscow State University in 2022, draws attention to the number of applicants with high Unified State Exam scores, who received low points in Additional Internal Exam and seeks an explanation for this fact.
Keywords: Uniform State Exam, pedagogy & psychology, Additional Internal Exam.

History and Society

M.A. Bychkov. Italian right-wing radical movement of the second half of the 20th century.
The article analyzes the main stages in the development of the Italian right-wing radical movement in the second half of the 20th century. It was a political trend, which, on the one hand, was based on the ideas of Italian fascism, and on the other hand, acted as a mechanism for American intervention in the internal affairs of Italy as part of the confrontation of the Cold War era. Its completion, as well as the collapse of the party-political system of an imperfect two-party system at the end of the 20th century. contributed to the transformation of right-wing radicalism by dividing into right-wing conservative and right-wing extremist directions, with the former in the leading position.
Keywords: Almirante, Borghese, Italy, Italian social movement, neofascism.

D.V. Kovalev. Democratization and the Revival of Multiparty System in Russia and Hungary on the eve of the collapse of the USSR: a comparative aspect.
The article provides a comparative analysis of the processes of democratization and the formation of a multi-party system in the Soviet Union and the Hungarian People’s Republic of the late 1980s — early 1990s.
Keywords: USSR, Hungarian People’s Republic, «perestroika», democratization, multi-party system.

S.A. Razumov. Illarion Ignatievich Kaufman and Scientific Bonistics in Russia.
The article examines the contribution of the famous economist I.I. Kaufman (1847-1915) to the formation of Russian bonistics as scientific knowledge. The significance of the scientist’s works for the study of paper book signs is shown. It is established that I.I. Kaufman linked the emergence and development of paper money with general historical processes and with the interests of the government to cover emergency expenses during wars. He used comparative approaches in the study of paper signs (compared the state of finance in Russia and European countries), paid special attention to the legislation related to them.
Keywords: Illarion Ignatievich Kaufman, numismatics, bonistics, historiography, banknotes, credit cards.

E.I. Goncharuk. The research component of the professional training of history students in Donetsk.
The article is devoted to the issue of the key vectors of the research training of students-historians of the DonGU in the 1960s — 1980s, including training at lectures and seminars, the implementation of acquired knowledge in the course of practice, obtaining research skills within the framework of the cathedral scientific circles and through the Student Scientific Society, testing their research on conferences of various levels, as well as close cooperation with scientists from leading universities of the country.
Keywords: students, historians, science, seminar, preparation.


J.V. Druzhinina. Plaques as a historical source for the study of twentieth-century Russian history in a school history course.
The author of the article deals with the actual problem of forming of historical memory of schoolchildren while studying the history of the XXth century on the lessons. The variant of the answer to the question, how to build up the process of education and upbringing so that the past which is familiar to modern pupils, will have a certain value and significance for them is offered. Theoretical review of the already existing researches on formation of historical memory in pupils during the study of history at school is presented, as well as one of the ways of memory formation about the past — plaques which can become an informative historical source during the history classes and extracurricular activities. It is concluded that plaques are a complex historical source, which is aimed at the formation and development of subject skills of schoolchildren, and also contributes to the preservation of historical memory, increasing the interest of students in the past of their country, the acquisition of personal meaning in the study of historical events.
Keywords: modern history lesson, historical source, historical memory, plaques.

O.G. Shchenina. Modernization of education in the context of the implementation of the Federal State Educational Standart: USE in social studies.
The article discusses the problems of preparing schoolchildren for the Unified State Exam in social studies, the main approaches to completing the tasks of part 2 of the 2023 Unified State Exam model, methodological recommendations for preparing schoolchildren for the Unified State Exam in social studies are given.
Keywords: society, federal state educational standards, high school.

S.V. Lyubichankovsky. Role-playing game «The first parliamentarians from the Orenburg province in the State duma of the Russian empire» as a tool to enhance the cognitive activity of students.
The article presents a methodological development of a role-playing game with local history material.
Keywords: role-playing game, local history, State duma.

A.A. Oleynik. Quest «Path Dersu Uzala» (from work experience).
Methodological development of extra-curricular activities to introduce students to the history and life of one of the indigenous peoples of the Amur region — the nanais.
Keywords: Far East, indigenous peoples, shamanism, nanais.

Young scientists’ works

A.M. Shvetsov. V.O. Kluchevsky as assessed by contemporary historians.
In modern realities the problem of historical memory preservation, as a factor contributing to the formation of national identity, becomes politically significant. The diversity and inconsistency in the reading of the genesis of historical events actualizes the topic, which is annotated in the article. The purpose of the article is a comparative and generalizing analysis of assessments of the work of Russian historiographer V.O. Kliuchevskii in the studies of historiographical scientific community, both domestic and foreign. Comparative-historical, typological, retrospective methods, as well as methods accepted in the scientific-historical practice are used as a methodology of research of historian’s scientific school.
Keywords: V.O. Kliuchevsky, historical memory, scientific school, historical heritage, research.

Опубликовано в Журнал в 2022 году.

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