Journal’s content № 2 2022

Actual theme: Distance and traditional teaching of history: results and prospects

M.V. Korotkova. Peculiarity of methods school teaching history on traditional and innovation distance lessons.
The article is devoted to the theoretical analysis of modern school lesson in conditional and distance study of history. The author discloses phenomenon of distance training, its elements, method versions of study. On basis of generalization teaching experience fragments of lessons in traditional and innovation distance concepts.
Key words: distance study, distance technology, study material, visual complex, distance tasks.

N.N. Maslova, I.A. Niederman. Distance learning of future history teachers at a pedagogical university: approaches, deficits andprospects.
The article substantiates the conclusion that in the conditions of distance learning, students choose to study in cooperation, encouraging teachers to master digital technologies, to design new formats of educational tasks. When formulating training tasks for practical classes in the distance, the approaches and techniques of motivation, «drivers of involvement in online learning» presented in the works of experts in the field of gamification and game design were taken into account. The article presents training tasks that create conditions for dialogue and discussion of educational results in teams, a system-activity approach to the organization of distance learning.
Key words: gamification, motivation techniques, distance learning remote learning, mixed learning, hybrid learning, online learning, system-activity approach to the organization of distance learning.

M.Yu. Pavlova. Development of research skills in online project activites.
Today, the issue of online learning remains a high priority. This article discusses the issue of shaping students’ research skills in project activities in online space, the advantages and contradictions.
Key words: project activities, research skills, online learning, online space.

History and Society

D.N. Rakachev. Features of the presentation of domestic history in school textbooks of Russia and Belarus from a local and global position.
The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of materials from school textbooks on the history of Russia and the Republic of Belarus. It is concluded that a school textbook, while solving educational and educational tasks, is inevitably forced to seek a compromise between the local and global versions of the historical process; it is noted that the Russian and Belarusian versions of this compromise are noticeably different.
Key words: history, school textbook, History of Russia, History of Belarus, USSR, locality, global, national identity.

A.Yu. Gavrilov. History of the Soviet textile industry during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945).
The article is devoted to the study of the main events associated with the development of the Soviet textile industry during the Great Patriotic War. It presents the situation in which the textile industry finds itself at the beginning of the war, analyzes the features of the evacuation of industry enterprises in the relocation of production facilities to the eastern regions of the country in the second half of 1941-1942. In the article, the main problems of the functioning and the results of the work of the textile industry, achieved by the end of the war, serious differences are achieved in its development during the period under study from the key sectors of the heavy, defense industry of the country.
Key words: textile industry, production capacity, production tasks, evacuation, re-evacuation, residual provision principle, fixed assets, labor productivity level, socialist competition.

A.V. Uriadova. Using the educational and educational portal «RHS. Compass» in the classroom, in extracurricular and project activities.
This article is dedicated to the educational portal «RHS. Compass», its structure and content, peculiarities of use in the lessons of history, social studies, international culture, local history, in extracurricular and project activities.
Key words: teaching, history, social studies, international culture, project activities, sources, research, scientific literature, video, audio, resources.

M.A. Ponochevny, М.А. Rubtsov. Portrait of a rural teacher during the war: substantive and methodological aspects of a microhistorical project.
The article shows an example of a successful microhistorical school project: general and special features of the life of agriculture at the final stage of the Great Patriotic War are reconstructed on the basis of archival documents and materials from school museums of the rural district. Issues of living standards, social mobility and professional training are shown through the prism of teachers’ personal destinies.
Key words: rural teachers, restoration of schools, education during the Great Patriotic war, teachers of the Azov region.

S.E. Lazarev. «A decade of disappointed hopes»: how former schoolchildren and students perceive today the Khrushchev period in the history of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The author of this article, dedicated to the Khrushchev period in the history of the USSR, carried out a survey of eyewitnesses of that time — former schoolchildren and students, and now representatives of the domestic intellectual elite. From the results of the survey it follows that all respondents received in 1953-1964 excellent education, nostalgic for their childhood, friendship at school, pioneer and Komsomol youth. At the same time, the assessments addressed to the then first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, N.S. Khrushchev, and the data from the height of the past years, are strikingly different — from admiration to outright disappointment and condemnation.
Key words: XX Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev, education, «thaw», Yu.A. Gagarin into space, Soviet state, school.

I.I. Barinova. Axiological aspect of additional education.
The article deals with what values can be formed in schoolchildren in the system of additional education, since there is not enough time in formal education for this.
Key words: axiology, value orientation, non-formal education, additional education, personal value orientations.


N.V. Grishuk. A systematic approach to the design of independent work of students as a condition for effective preparation for the Unified State Exam in history: a methodological aspect.
The article discusses the main approaches, elements of the organization of independent work of students in preparation for the exam in history.
Key words: Unified State Exam, educational technologies, independent work, elective courses.

D.I. Rozhdestvensky. Thematic lesson «Man and war» in the school Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War.
The article examines the features of such an educational event at school as a «Thematic lesson» and reveals its methodological potential.
Key words: historical memory, thematic lesson, the Great Patriotic War, school museum.

N.V. Frolova. Building a lesson from the position of an activity school as the basis for the development of professional competencies among students of pedagogical universities.
This article demonstrates the existing experience in the implementation of an activity-based approach in the educational process of students studying at the bachelor’s level in the field of training «Pedagogical education (with two profiles)», the focus of History and social studies. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the description of the training session as a variant of the activity-based approach aimed at working out a specific educational action within the discipline «Designing a system of teaching history and social studies».
Key words: activity approach, indicative basis of action, analysis, teacher of history and social studies.

A.A. Druzhinin. The problem of teaching controversial issues of history in a comprehensive school on the example of the Livonian War.
In the article, the author focuses on possible problems in teaching the Livonian War at school. Concludes that it is necessary to adjust the terminology, reasons, outcomes, time frames for a correct understanding and meaning of this historical event.
Key words: Livonian war, Baltic region, controversial issues of history.

Uniform State Exam

R.V. Pazin, P.A. Ushakov. Cartographic practicum on the history of Russia: reign of Nicholas I.
The article presents the set of tasks for working with maps and schemes.
Key words: Uniform State Exam, maps and schemes, interdisciplinary connections.

Young scientists’ works

N.M. Milovskiy. Interpretation of the causes of the russo-turkish war of 1768-1774 in Russian historiography.
The article examines the general and special approaches of Russian historians to the causes of the Russo-Turkish war of 1768-1774, which today remain the most important issues for Russian historiography, since they themselves and the consequences of this military confrontation are still the causes of modern geopolitical conflicts.
Key words: modern history, Russia, Turkey, the Black Sea region, the causes of the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-1774.

M.S. Malafay. War emigre periodicals of San Francisco in the 1920s-1930s.
The article examines the history emergence and development military periodicals in San Francisco, the largest center of Russian immigration in the 1920-1930s on the west coast of the United States.
Key words: Russian immigration, periodicals, immigration to the USA.

K.A. Gasyukova. The image of Richard III as a reflection of the influence of politics on history.
The article presents the image of Richard III and how he changed depending on political courses.
Key words: the war of the scarlet and white rose, history of the Middle Ages, history of England, Richard III.

M.V. Sidneva. From the history of Russian ecclesiastical poetry: Archpriest John Popov and his akathist to the «Champion Leader of the Russian Land».
The article describes the history of the creation of the akathist by Archpriest John Popov, as well as the change in his religious views and worldview through the prism of the First World War and the February Revolution in Russia.
Key words: archpriest John Popov, Russian akathist, the icon of the Mother of God Augustus, World War I.

Опубликовано в Журнал в 2022 году.

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