Journal’s content № 5 2021

Actual theme: 80th anniversary of the beginning of the Great Patriotic War

A.V. Isaev. On the question of the readiness of the USSR for war militarily and economically and the reasons for the defeats of the Red Army in the summer of 1941.
Article is dedicated to Red Army development at the eve of Great Patriotic War, especially huge building projects of fortified regions and aerodromes. Causes of Red Army defeats describes as result of ill-fated political decisions. Due to them movement of internal military districts units to state border had been denied. Also, economic and technical factors have been analyzed as a part of decision-making process.
Key words: Great Patriotic war, 1941, G.K. Zhukov, munition, military economic, Airforce, fortified districts, rifle divisions.

V.S. Milbach. Repressions of the commanding staff of the Red Army and the Navy on the eve of the Great Patriotic War and an assessment of their impact on the course of hostilities.
In the 1950s and 1980s, the reasons for the failures of the Red Army at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War were usually associated with the suddenness of the attack of Nazi Germany and its satellites and their superiority in forces and means, but a number of historical studies conducted in the post-Soviet period allow us to look at this problem more objectively. The article reflects some results of research about the effects of mass political repressions of 1937-1938 among command personnel, especially higher education that affect the state of combat readiness of troops (forces) the red army and Navy on the eve of the enemy invasion.
Key words: commanding officers, Red army, political repression, combat capability.

S.E. Lazarev. The contribution of the Kirov historian A.A. Pechenkin in the study of the Soviet military elite.
The article highlights the creative heritage of the Kirov historian A.A. Pechenkina (1954-2020). His most significant works are mentioned, his contribution to the study of the Soviet military elite on the eve and during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) and the related topic of repression against the military (1937-1938) is revealed.
Key words: Alexander Alekseevich Pechenkin, the Great Patriotic war, Vyatka state university, history, the Red army, repression.

History and Society

G.G. Pikov. What is the essence of academician N. I. Konrad’s concept of the Eastern Renaissance.
The article tells about the concept of the world-historical development of Eurasia by the famous orientalist academician N. I. Konrad. In his opinion, the history of the Eurasian peoples, in addition to the inevitable specifics, has many similar characteristics. An example of this is the phenomenon of «Renaissance», which is dedicated to the special concept of the scientist about the Eastern or World Renaissance.
Key words: N.I. Konrad, «Renaissance», Eastern Renais-sance, culture, Europe, humanism, Middle ages, Asia, East.

A.S. Bozhich. James Burnham’s story concept.
The article is devoted to the role of trotskyism in the formation of the American neoconservatism. The subject of research is the history conception of James Burnham and his ideological evolution from trotskyism to ultraconservatism.
Key words: trotskyism, neoconservatism, managers, revolution, capitalism, socialism.

O.I. Aleksandrova. Reflection of the greek tyranny in modern Russian textbooks.
The article considers the reflection of the theme of early Greek tyranny in history textbooks and its compliance with the ideas accepted in modern antiquity science. An attempt is made to generalize the results obtained and identify certain patterns.
Key words: Antiquity, tyranny, textbooks.

V.L. Danoyan. Activities of the Nizhny Novgorod City Duma to organize the provision of food to the population and improve the sanitary condition of the city in the post-reform period.
The article examines the activities and role of the Nizhny Novgorod city government, aimed at providing the city’s population with food, as well as the fight against high prices and for the health of the population, especially during the spread of epidemics.
Key words: city government, city council, activities, markets, hospitals, food, epidemics.

L.N. Sosa. The economic activity of the townspeople of the county Kolomna, the second half of the XIX — early XX centuries.
The article examines the economic and economic activities of the townspeople of a provincial city in the second half of the XIX — early XX centuries. on the example of the county Kolomna. Based on the analysis of archival materials, a variety of occupations of the bourgeoisie, focused on the demand of the population of a commercial and industrial city, was revealed.
Key words: post-reform times, philistinism, a county town, Moscow province, economic activities.

O.A. Zakirov. Hero of the Soviet Union E.F. Kolesov (1920-1942). On the question of the date of birth.
The study of the biographies of the heroes of the Fatherland is the basis for the education of young people. The article is devoted to clarifying the date of birth of the Hero of the Soviet Union E. F. Kolesova. The article is written on the basis of archival documents.
Key words: E.F. Kolesova, heroine, the Great Patriotic War, history, dates, archives, education.

A.Y. Mudritsky. The efforts of the Soviet security agencies to neutralize the nationalist underground in the Belarusian SSR after its liberation from German occupiers.
The studied topic has an actual historical and significance. The author of the publication proved that after the liberation of Belarus from the Nazi occupiers, the opposition of the Soviet security agencies to Hitler’s special services and the armed nationalist underground movement in this region became important for stabilizing socio-political situation in the Belarusian SSR.
Key words: Belarusian SSR, Soviet security agencies, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Lithuanian and Polish nationalists, German intelligence services, looting and robbery, Hitler’s agents and saboteurs, nationalist underground in the western part of Belarus.


O.Y. Strelova. RL-task in the history lesson.
In the final article of the cycle, a specific example shows a methodical approach to use a complex RL-task in a history lesson and a way to make it modern.
Key words: reading literacy, RL-task, meta-subject and personal results of history education of schoolchildren, modern history lesson.

O.N. Saparina. The game as a form of conducting lessons of repetition and generalization in modern school historical education
The article considers the game form of lessons as an effective way of repeating, generalizing historical material on the topic. Game techniques allow you to increase the cognitive interest of students in the subject, organize various types of work with the class, apply multi-level creative tasks. Despite the theoretical development of the topic of using games for students of different age categories, there is currently a shortage of practical developments. The presented material is of applied importance, the tasks are focused on working with the content of both domestic and foreign history.
Key words: game, activity approach, ways of repetition and generalization, historical education, creative tasks.

T.V. Sharmanova. History lesson in first grade.
The article describes the experience of conducting history lessons in the first class of school. The author offers a brief analysis of textbooks, provides examples of methodological techniques and tasks.
Ключевые слова: урок истории в первом классе, методические рекомендации.
Keywords: a history lesson in the first class of school, instructional recommendations.

J.V. Druzhinina, E.F. Bekhtenova. Soviet palekh as a means of motivating pupils to sdudy history (on the example of the topic «Flight of the first man into space»).
The authors of the article propose to use painting in the style of Palekh in history lessons as a means of motivating schoolchildren to study history. Variants of questions and assignments for various stages of the lesson are proposed, where you can use palekh when studying the topic «Human space exploration». The use of a visual source — palekh for the study of a historical personality — Yu. A. Gagarin is considered. A conclusion is made about the importance of organizing the cognitive activity of schoolchildren with materials from Palekh painting, dedicated to the USSR’s exploration of space and the first manned flight into space, aimed at increasing the motivation of schoolchildren to study history.
Keywords: historical source, palekh, modern history lesson, motivation, manned space flight, Yu.A. Gagarin.

Young scientists’ works

N.S. Donskaya. The place of the scientic and methodological school of P.V. Gora in the national methodology of teaching history of the second half of the XX century.
The article provides grounds that allow us to assert that the ideas of P.V. Gora are relevant for modern history education, since they are fundamental. The scientific and methodological school of P. V Gora made a significant contribution to the development of methods of teaching history. The central idea of ??the study is to confirm the status of the scientific and methodological school of P.V. Gora, which today continues to train scientific and pedagogical personnel in Russia and has brought up more than one generation of scientists.
Key words: scientific and methodological school, history of teaching methods, teaching methods, scientific and methodological heritage.

J.A. Savukova. Private female education in the Russian province (on the example of M.V. Podarevskaya’s gymnasium).
In this article, based on an analysis of the sources first presented in the scientific revolving archives, the author recreates the history of the emergence and functioning of M.V. Podarevskaya gymnasium, taking into account the reasons and circumstances of the participation of this educational institution, teacher, funding and educational process in the social and political life of the provincial city of the post-reform era.
Key words: gymnasium, private female education, educational process.

N.A. Chikanova. Commemorations by N.M. Yadrintsev in Siberian museums and libraries in 1917-1994 years.
The article is devoted to the commemorations of N.M. Yadrintsev in museums and libraries of large Siberian cities in the Soviet and early post-Soviet period. Particular attention is paid to the contexts and motives of referring to the name of Yadrintsev.
Key words: Yadrintsev, commemorations, Siberian museums, Siberian libraries, collective identity, regionalism, regional self-awareness.

I.K. Petrovich. The issue of «freedom of conscience» in the programs of Polish liberal parties at the beginning of the 20th century: the phenomenon of Roman Catholic liberalism.
This article tells about the reflection of the problem of state-confessional relations in the programs of Polish liberal political parties at the beginning of the 20th century. One of the central places is occupied by the consideration of the Roman Catholic factor in the ideology of Polish liberalism.
Key words: liberalism, freedom of conscience, political parties.

Опубликовано в Журнал в 2021 году.

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